National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) or Aajeevika is a poverty reduction programme implemented by Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India. The Mission is focused on promoting self-employment and wage employment and building institutions of the poor.
NRLM has adopted ‘demand driven’ strategy, in place of SGSY’s ‘allocation based’ strategy. This implies that under NRLM, states have greater autonomy to plan for implementing the programme. NRLM encourages states to prepare State Perspective for Implementation Plans(SPIP) for seven years and Annual Action Plans (AAPs). The allocation for the state is released against the approved AAP. NRLM has adopted a Participatory Identification of Poor (PIP) instead of the BPL to identify its beneficiaries
Self Help Group (SHG) is a group formed mostly by women from a similar class and region, who come together for a common cause and also, to form savings and credit organization. The criteria, terms and conditions for the group are made by the group members themselves..
An SHG can be formed by:
The favorable size of an SHG is 10 to 15 members. However, in scattered habitation the group’s size could be minimum five members.
NSRLM is short for Nagaland State Rural Livelihood Mission. NSRLM is the implementing agency for NRLM in the State and embodies the principles and vision of NRLM while keeping in mind the unique features of the State. Structurally, NSRLM comprises of Staff at the State, District and Block level to cater to the requirements of rural areas across the State.
NSRLM (Nagaland State Rural Livelihood Mission) aims to reach out to Poorest of the Poor (PoP) households across 11 districts, 74 blocks, 1151 villages and stay engaged with them till they cross the Rubicon (threshold) of poverty. At present, Tuensang and Peren districts are under NERLP. In the FY 2013-14, 9 blocks across 9 districts of Nagaland will be covered as Intensive Resource Blocks and the rest will be under Non-intensive Blocks.