According to Census 2011, out of a population of 1978502 in Nagaland, 1407536 live in Rural areas which account for 71.5%
of the total population. Similarly, at 277491, Rural households make up 70.8% of the total household in the State.
Rural poor households practice diverse means of livelihoods to supplement their income apart from rice cultivation which is primarily for self sustenance. The Mission focuses on means and ways to enhance the productivity through the existing methods of cultivation. In an effort to minimize risks and expenditures incurred during the process of cultivation, the Mission aims to introduce different practice methods that can aid in mitigating some of the problems faced by farmers.
Some of the major livelihood practices in the State are:
- Rice Cultivation
- Maize/Kidney beans Cultivation
- Wood carving/cane/bamboo works
- Homestead Gardening- (mustard leaves, beans, tree tomato, raja mircha etc)
- Potato and Cabbage cultivation
- Pineapple Cultivation
- Unskilled Wage Labour
- Petty Shop business
- Road side /Footpath vegetable vendors
- Timber/firewood business
- Odd jobs in unorganized sectors
- Non Timber Forest Produce-Wild Honey, Honey bee larvae, medicinal plants etc
- Beekeeping etc.
As the implementing agency of National Rural Livelihood Mission in the State,
the Mission will work towards reducing poverty by implementing the following programs as initiated by NRLM:
- Vulnerability reduction and livelihoods enhancement through deepening/enhancing and expanding existing livelihoods
options and tapping new opportunities within the key livelihoods that are virtually universally practiced like agriculture,
livestock, fisheries, forest produce collection etc.
- "Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana" or MKSP was launched in 2010-11. The programme envisages empowering women in
agriculture by making systematic investments to enhance their participation and productivity, as also create and
sustain agriculture based livelihoods of rural women. The program is being implemented by NRLM in partnership with
State Departments/CSOs as implementing partners (PIAs) across the country. The central to state share in funding
for MKSP stands at 75:25 ratio (90:10 for Nagaland and the other North Eastern States).
Under NRLM, the core agenda of MKSP is to :
- create sustainable livelihood institutions around agriculture and allied activities
- create sector-specific geography-specific best package of practices and
- create a wide pool of community resource persons for scaling up livelihood interventions in the entire country.
- Building skills for the job market outside through Aajeevika Skill Development Project (ASDP).
Aajeevika believes that creating one job per poor household in the organized sector is the surest way to
bring the whole family out of poverty in a short span of time. Formal sector employment brings in stable and
higher levels of income. With a view to ensure inclusion of the rural poor in the growth process, The State Mission
has a task of skilling and placing rural youths in the next 5 years through partnership mode as one of the best
investments in youth, and provide impetus to livelihoods opportunities in emerging markets. For strengthening this,
various models of partnerships with public, private, non-government and community organizations preferably strong
local Organizations with proven record in the skill and placement sector are being worked on.
Fora State which is totally dependent on Government for employment, ASDP is one solution to create meaningful and gainful
employment for our youths who are willing to work across the country.
- Nurturing self-employed and entrepreneurs (for micro-enterprises) through Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs).
Micro enterprise development through EDP training,skilling and short term apprenticeship and hand holding will be provided
through Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs), which are being setup in all the districts or in clusters of
districts across the State in partnership with the Public Sector Banks.
Currently, State Bank of India in association with Rongmei Baptist Association of Nagaland is running the only RSETI in
the State at Jalukie under Peren District having already trained more than 400 rural youth in the past one year.
The Mission plans to set up more RSETI in the Districts for which policies are being formulated.